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• Blenkinsopp, Joseph (2004). of "If God is the Author of the Scriptures and the Creator of the Universe (and He is) then the Words of God and the Works of God should and will harmonize.". The authorship is commonly ascribed to Ezra, whose leading object seemsto have been to show the division of families, possessions, &c., before the captivity,with a view to the exact restoration of the same order after the return from Babylon.Although many things are restated and others are exact repetitions of what is contained inKings, there is so much new and important information that, as JEROMEhas well said, the Chronicles furnish the means of comprehending parts of the NewTestament, which must have been unintelligible without them. The other part, embraced in thefour concluding chapters, narrates the journey of a second caravan of returning captivesunder the conduct of Ezra himself, who was invested with powers to restore, in all itssplendor, the entire system of the Jewish ritual. The early portion of the First Book, down to the endof the twenty-fourth chapter, was probably written by Samuel; while the rest of it and thewhole of the Second, are commonly ascribed to Nathan and Gad, founding the opinion on 1Chronicles 29:29 . On the twentieth day of the second month of the second year … Those whom God had redeemed from slavery in Egypt and with whom he had made a covenant at Mount Sinai responded not with faith, gratitude and obedience but with unbelief, ingratitud… The Mosaic origin of the Pentateuch is established by theconcurring voices both of Jewish and Christian tradition; and their unanimous testimony issupported by the internal character and statements of the work itself. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 3. The name of God is strangely enoughomitted, but the presence of God is felt throughout the history; and the whole tone andtendency of the book is so decidedly subservient to the honor of God and the cause of truereligion that it has been generally received by the Church in all ages into the sacredcanon. Treasures Old and New: Essays in the Theology of the Pentateuch. Kenneth Boa: 8. 1 lesson overview of the Book of Numbers. The first is the discovery in the reign of Josiah of the autograph copy whichwas deposited by Moses in the ark of the testimony, and the second is the schism of theSamaritans, who erected a temple on Mount Gerizim, and who, appealing to the Mosaic law asthe standard of their faith and worship equally with the Jews, watched with jealous careover every circumstance that could affect the purity of the Mosaic record. AN INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE New American Standard Version (NAS) This is the first lesson of a 16 lesson online Bible study series. The task would be virtually impossible without the inspiration of an almighty God. Young, pp. Much of its legislation for people and priests is similar to that in Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy. Commentators,however, are divided about this, some supposing that the statements in 1 Samuel 2:26 ; 3:1 , indicate the hand of the judgehimself, or a contemporary; while some think, from 1 Samuel 6:18 ; 12:5 ; 27:6 , that its composition must bereferred to a later age. The few passages on which the rationalists grounded theirassertions that it was the composition of a later age have been successfully shown towarrant no such conclusion; the use of Egyptian words and the minute acquaintance withEgyptian life and manners, displayed in the history of Joseph, harmonize with theeducation of Moses, and whether he received his information by immediate revelation, fromtradition, or from written documents, it comes to us as the authentic work of an authorwho wrote as he was inspired by the Holy Ghost ( 2 Peter 1:21 ). Bill McRae: 4. THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, inthe ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. An Introduction to the Book of Numbers I. 1 The Latin Vulgate picked up on the... II. There is thestrongest reason, then, for believing that the Pentateuch, as it exists now, issubstantially the same as it came from the hands of Moses. Itappears certain, however, that it could not have been written prior to the time of Samuel(see Ruth 4:17-22 ), who isgenerally supposed to have been its author; and this opinion, in addition to other reasonson which it rests, is confirmed by Ruth4:7 , where it is evident that the history was not compiled till long after thetransactions recorded. says the Holy One. This book is so called because itcontains an account of the enumeration and arrangement of the Israelites. Numbers Introduction to the Old Testament — John Edgar McFadyen Like the last part of Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus, the first part of Numbers, i.-x.28 -- so called, rather inappropriately, from the census in i., iii., (iv. God designed and created the universe based on mathematical laws and numbers, principles that continue to govern the entire creation. It is interesting to note that, on average, one in every five scriptural verses contains a number. "In ancient time numbers were seen as mysterious and symbolic, a key to reality and the mind of God himself. But admitting that thePentateuch was written by Moses, an important question arises, as to whether the bookswhich compose it have reached us in an authentic form; whether they exist genuine andentire as they came from the hands of their author. The PURPOSE for writing this book is not to entertain the careless, nor for predicting the future. It is probable, however, that these supposed marks of anafter-period were interpolations of Ezra. 'To whom then will you compare Me, or who is My equal?' 24:44; Jn. E. J. The purpose of the book of Numbers is to tell about how Israel prepared to enter the promise land, but sinned and was punished. The book of Numbers tells the story of the Israelites during the nearly forty years from the time they left Mount Sinai until they reached the eastern border of the land that God had promised to give them. 1–4 and 26. Young, An Introduction to the Old Testament, pp. It is certain, however, that it preceded the Second Book of Samuel (compare Judges 9:35 with 2 Samuel 11:21 ), as well as theconquest of Jerusalem by David (compare Judges 1:21 with 2 Samuel 5:6 ). But, substantially, the Pentateuch is the genuine work of Moses, and many, whoonce impugned its claims to that character, and looked upon it as the production of alater age, have found themselves compelled, after a full and unprejudiced investigation ofthe subject, to proclaim their conviction that its authenticity is to be fully relied on. Indeed, God has wonderfully revealed Himself through His creation (Romans 1:20). The symbolism of numbers 1, 3 and 7 are most agreed upon, while variations may occur with others. 187-188. Today they are associated with computers and the depersonalization that threatens our society." Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Intro to Numbers Title. Remember, the meaning of numbers in the Bible is not perfect, but the meaning of the written Word is always perfect. In the later Scriptures they are frequently comprehended under thegeneral designation, The Law, The Book of the Law, since, to give a detailedaccount of the preparations for, and the delivery of, the divine code, with all the civiland sacred institutions that were peculiar to the ancient economy, is the object to whichthey are exclusively devoted. Watch our overview video on the book of Numbers, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Meaning of Numbers in the Bible. versions. The appearance of a later hand,it is true, is traceable in the narrative of the death of Moses at the close ofDeuteronomy, and some few interpolations, such as inserting the altered names of places,may have been made by Ezra, who revised and corrected the version of the ancientScriptures. Israel leaves Mt. It doesn’t have any application to our Bible study. Outline of the Book of Numbers Israel prepares for the journey to the Promised Land - Numbers 1:1-10:10. Numbers relates the story of Israel's journey from Mount Sinai to the plains of Moab on the border of Canaan. The general opinion of the Church inevery succeeding age has been that Ezra was the author of this book. In answer to this question, it mightbe sufficient to state that, in the public and periodical rehearsals of the law in thesolemn religious assemblies of the people, implying the existence of numerous copies,provision was made for preserving the integrity of "The Book of the Law." TITLE:. Accordingly, in the Septuagint and the Vulgate, it is calledthe First and Second Books of Kings. The Latin Vulgate labeled it “Numbers;” a name suggested by the censuses that are reported in the book in chapters one and twenty-six (G. Van Groningen, p. "Only to the students of the Word, those to whom God's Spirit has given spiritual insight, will the code be plain. All rights reserved. When the Bible was translated into Greek, its books were given Greek names. The early partof it, from the first through the tenth chapters, appears to be a supplement to Leviticus,being occupied with relating the appointment of the Levites to the sacred offices. But alittle attention will show the futility of this objection, as the words in question didnot refer to the writer, but were used by Tatnai and his associates ( Ezra 5:3 ). Their connections and patterns, when we search them out and understand them, reveal the handiwork of God. C. One of the difficulties of analyzing Numbers is its rather unusual organization of material; i.e., the mixture of law and narrative and its inclusion of miscellaneous material. 1a. ), xxvi. The two parts are essentially connected; theone, which sets out with an account of the descent of the human race from a single pair,the introduction of sin into the world, and the announcement of the scheme of divine mercyfor repairing the ruins of the fall, was necessary to pave the way for relating the other,namely, the call of Abraham, and the selection of his posterity for carrying out thegracious purpose of God. Numbers relates the story of Israel's journey from Mount Sinai to the plains of Moab on the border of Canaan. Key personalities include Moses, Aaron, Miriam, Joshua, Caleb, Eleazar, Korah, and Balaam. RUTH is properly a supplement to thepreceding book, to which, in fact, it was appended in the ancient Jewish canon. It can easily be shown the supernatural design in the use of numbers, both in the works of God and in the Word of God. Although the arrangement of some is obvious, others are not and require in-depth Bible study. For example, the fact that a four-leaf clover has four pedals doesn’t hold any spiritual significance. 84-90. ___________________; “The Fourth Book of Moses (Numbers),” Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament Vol. 1 lesson overview of Numbers. It was written by Moses about 1450-1410 B.C. Moses counted the Israelite males twice, once at Mount Sinai and later in … GENESIS, the book of the origin orproduction of all things, consists of two parts: the first, comprehended in the firstthrough eleventh chapters, gives a general history; the second, contained in thesubsequent chapters, gives a special history. THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF CHRONICLESwere also considered as one by the ancient Jews, who called them "words ofdays," that is, diaries or journals, being probably compiled from those registersthat were kept by the king's historiographers of passing occurrences. Its legislation for people and of their subsequent judgment does notonce occur in.. 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